Iberiana – იბერია გუშინ, დღეს, ხვალ

სოჭი, აფხაზეთი, სამაჩაბლო, დვალეთი, ჰერეთი, მესხეთი, ჯავახეთი, ტაო-კლარჯეთი იყო და მუდამ იქნება საქართველო!!!

• Iberian – იბერიელები

 

Georgian people

    MEDEA 

 (XII-XIII century BC)
 
 
 
 

Medea – the daughter of King Aeetes (Georgian Ayeti) of Colchis (Georgian Kolkheti), skilled in magic and sorcery. She fell in love with Jason and helped him, against the will of her father, to obtain the Golden Fleece, a symbol of the opening of new trade routes.

 

Parnavaz I

 The king of Iberia, unified the territory from the Caucasus Range till the source of the River Euphrates and was a reformer of the Georgian alphabet (284 BC). He was also founder of the dynasty of Parnavazians (284 BC).

David IV “the Builder” (Davit Aghmashenebeli)

(1073 – January 24, 1125), of the Bagrationi dynasty, a king of Georgia from 1089 until his death in 1125.

Popularly considered to be the greatest and most successful Georgian ruler in history, he succeeded in driving the Seljuk Turks out of the country, winning the major Battle of Didgori in 1121. His reforms of the army and administration enabled him to reunite the country and bring most Caucasian lands under Georgia’s control. A friend of the church and a notable promoter of Christian culture, he was canonized by the Georgian Orthodox Church.

KING TAMARI

(1166-1213)

Tamar Bagrationi was first Woman King of the kingdom of Georgia from 1184-1213. She ruled during what is generally regarded as Georgia’s “golden age” and gained a reputation as an outstandingly successful ruler, dubbed “King of Kings and Queen of Queens” by her subjects.

Shota Rustaveli (1172-1216)Author of the Georgian national epic, “The Knight in the Panther’s Skin”.

Queen Ketevan Tsamebuli (“The Martyr”)

Daughter of Ashotan Bagration-Mukhraneli and Kakhetian King Alexandre’s eldest son’s – David’s wife.

Shah-Abbas demanded from Ketevani to convert to Muslim. Terrible Shah could not force her convert in any way. 12 September, 1624, Queen Ketevani was put to death. She was martyred for speaking out of turn to the Persian court in Shirazi. Picture of beauty Queen was tormented with red-hot-iron in public.

Ketevan Tsamebuli was canonized by the Georgian Orthodox and Apostolic Church.

(1837-1907)

Prince Ilia G. Chavchavadze (Saint Ilia the Righteous) was the creator of new Georgian literature, a famous public benefactor, a jurist, and a leader of the Georgia’s National-liberation movement in 1861-1907.

 

 
 
(1862-1918)
 
 Niko Pirosmani is what Georgians are proud about, he was self educated artist, who invented new painting technique not only thanks to his great talent but also out of poverty. He is one of the outstanding primitivism painters in the World. But as it usually happenes to greatests – he lived and died in poverty, never recognized by his countrymen while he was alive.
Dimitri Uznadze(1886-1950)Psychologist and public benefactor, founder of the Georgian scientific school of Psychology, co-founder of the Tbilisi State University (TSU), Academician and co-founder of the Georgian Academy of Sciences (GAS), Meritorious Science Worker of Georgia, Dr.Sci., Professor.
 Stalin, Joseph Vissarionovich Jughashvili (Djugashvili)(1879—1953)Stali was Soviet Communist leader and head of the USSR from the death of V. I. Lenin (1924) until his own death. He was born in Gori, Georgia. His real name was Jughashvili; he adopted the name Stalin ( “man of steel” ) about 1913.
 George Balanchivadze (Balanchine)   

 

(1904-1983)

 

Balanchine establish the American Ballet, the American Ballet Caravan and the New York City Ballet.

 

Meri Shervashidze Winner of World Beauty contest. Original model of Coco Chanel.
   
   
Nona Gaprindashvili

Queen of chessThe Women’s World Champion (1962-1978). In 1978 she became the first woman to be made an (unqualified) International Grandmaster — having been a Women’s Grandmaster since 1962.

   
   
   
George Machabeli Famous perfumer

Alexander Kartveli (Kartvelishvili)

1896-1974Aircraft engineer and a pioneer of American aviation.

 

George Coby (Grigol Kobakhidze)

The first Georgian entrepreneurs – billionaire in U.S.A

Born in Georgia, Village Tkhmori, arrived in amerika in 1909, built two glass factories in Attleboro, Massachusetts.

   
   
 
Basque people

Basque people

Sancho III of Navarra

(c. 992 – 18 October 1035)

Called the Great (Basque: Nagusia), was King of Navarre (which included the County of Aragon) from 1004 until his death and claimed the overlordship of the County of Castile from 1017 to his death, appearing in a charter as “king in Castile”. Between 1015 and 1019, he conquered Sobrarbe and Ribagorza.

 During his lifetime, he was the most important Christian monarch of the Iberian Peninsula. Having gone further than any of his predecessors in uniting the divided kingdoms of Iberia, his life’s work was undone when he divided his domains shortly before his death to provide for each of his sons. The Kingdom of Navarre existed for almost six centuries after his death, but was never as powerful again.

 

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Elcano

Juan Sebastián Elcano[1] (1486, Getaria, Gipuzkoa, Spain — 4 August 1526, Pacific Ocean) was a Basque Spanish explorer who completed the first circumnavigation of the world. As Ferdinand Magellan’s second in command, Elcano took over after Magellan’s death in the Philippines.

 

 

Ignatius Loyola

Ignatius of Loyola (Basque: Ignazio Loiolakoa) (1491 – July 31, 1556) was a Spanish knight from a Basque noble family, hermit, priest since 1537, and theologian, who founded the Society of Jesus and was its first Superior General. Ignatius emerged as a religious leader during the Counter-Reformation. Loyola’s devotion to the Church was characterized by unquestioning obedience to the Church’s authority and hierarchy.

Ignatius’ feast day is celebrated on July 31. Ignatius is a foremost patron saint of soldiers, the Society of Jesus, the Basque Country, and the provinces of Guipúzcoa and Biscay.

 

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Francis Xavier

Saint Francis Xavier (Basque: San Frantzisko Xabierkoa; Spanish: San Francisco Javier; Portuguese: São Francisco Xavier) (April 7, 1506 – December 2, 1552), a pioneering Roman Catholic Christian missionary and co-founder of the Society of Jesus (Jesuit Order), was instrumental in the establishment of Christianity in India, the Malay Archipelago, and Japan. The Roman Catholic Church considers him to have converted more people to Christianity than anyone else since Saint Paul, and he was made a Roman Catholic saint on October 25, 1619.

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Lope de Aguirre

Lope de Aguirre (c. 1510 – 27 October 1561) was a Basque Spanish conquistador in South America. Nicknamed El Loco, ‘the Madman’, Aguirre is best known for his final expedition, down the Amazon river, in search of the mythical El Dorado. At the beginning he was a minor official of the expedition, but he mutinied and gained control of it, and then rebelled against and defied the Spanish monarch Philip II. Aguirre was defeated and slain. From then on, he was considered a paradigm of cruelty and treachery in colonial Spanish America,  and has become an antihero in literature, cinema and other arts.

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Fausto Elhuyar

Fausto de Elhuyar (11 October 1755 – 6 February 1833) was a Spanish chemist, and the joint discoverer of tungsten with his brother Juan José Elhuyar in 1783. Fausto de Elhuyar was in charge, under a King of Spain commission, of organizing the School of Mines in México City and so was responsible of building an architectural jewel known as “Palacio de Minería“. Elhuyar abandoned Mexico after the Mexican War of Independence, when most of the Spanish residents in Mexico were expelled.

 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 

Tomás de Zumalacárregui

  (1788–1835)

Tomás de Zumalacárregui y de Imaz (born at Ormaiztegi in Gipuzkoa, Basque Country),   was a Spanish Carlist general.

 

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JulianGayarre.jpg Julian Gayarre
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Sarasate

Pablo Martín Melitón de Sarasate y Navascués (Spanish pronunciation: [ˈpaβlo saɾaˈsate];  March 10, 1844 – September 20, 1908) was a violinist and composer of the Romantic period.

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Pio Baroja

Pío Baroja y Nessi (December 28, 1872 – October 30, 1956) was a Spanish Basque writer, one of the key novelists of the Generation of ’98. He was a member of an illustrious family, his brother Ricardo was a painter and engraver, and his nephew Julio Caro Baroja was a well known anthropologist.

 

 

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Jorge Oteiza oriotarra
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Eduardo Txillida

 

Eduardo Chillida Juantegui, or Eduardo Txillida Juantegi in Basque, (10 January 1924 – 19 August 2002) was a Spanish Basque sculptor notable for his monumental abstract works.

Before becoming a sculptor he had been the goalkeeper for Real Sociedad, San Sebastián’s football team.

 

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Roy Eiguren eta Pete T Cenarrusa
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JGcolorpress

John Raymond Garamendi (born January 24, 1945) is the U.S. Representative for California’s 10th congressional district, serving since November 2009. He is a member of the Democratic Party. Garamendi was the California State Insurance Commissioner from 1991 to 1995, the U.S. Deputy Secretary of the Interior from 1995 to 1998, and the California State Insurance Commissioner again from 2003 to 2007. He then served as the 46th Lieutenant Governor of California from January 8, 2007 until he was elected to Congress in November 2009.

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Bernardo Atxaga

 

Bernardo Atxaga (pseudonym of Joseba Irazu Garmendia) is a Basque writer, born in Asteasu, Gipuzkoa (Basque Country), on July 27, 1951.

Atxaga generally writes in the Basque language, Euskara, but translates his works into Spanish as well. Following the example of Obabakoak, several of his other works have been translated into other languages.

He is currently the Eusko Ikaskuntza Visiting Professor of Basque Culture at Stanford University.

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Dolores

Isidora Dolores Ibárruri Gómez (9 December 1895 – 12 November 1989), known more famously as “La Pasionaria” (passion flower) was a Spanish Republican leader of the Spanish Civil War and communist politician of Basque origin, perhaps best known for her defense of the Second Spanish Republic with the famous slogan ¡No Pasarán! (“They Shall Not Pass”), during the Battle of Madrid.

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Xabi Alonso

Xabier “Xabi” Alonso Olano (Basque pronunciation: [ˈʃabi aˈlonso] born 25 November 1981 in Tolosa, Basque Country) is a Spanish World Cup-winning footballer who currently plays for La Liga team Real Madrid.

 

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